Category Archives: Effective learning

The Sounds of English (and the Phonetic Alphabet)

The links on this page are the work of the BBC Learning English team and this is gratefully acknowledged.

Alex Bellem on learning English sounds

The IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)

Quickly read through the words on this chart. Notice how the underlined part of each word matches the symbol in large print. Try out the interactive BBC Sounds of English chart where you can click on the symbol and hear the sound.

Grateful acknowledgement to John & Sarah Free Materials 1996.

You should get to know the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). Why? There are about 44 sounds in the English language but only 26 letters. This means that some letters represent more than one sound (e.g. the A in banana), and some letter combinations represent more than one sound (e.g. TH in thin and that). Therefore, it is often difficult to work out how a word  will sound by looking at it, and it is often difficult to spell words you already know. The symbols in this chart represent each of the sounds of English, and your dictionary should have phonetic spellings of each word using these symbols. You don’t need to learn all these symbols at once. Do make use of the interactive BBC Sounds of English chart. This (and your dictionary) will help you to work out how words sound before you try to use them in speech. You can also use the BBC Sounds of English chart to work out which sounds don’t exist in your mother tongue. Learning new sounds is very important. Go to the BBC Sounds of English page for help doing this.

Smartphone users

You can download an interactive IPA chart (touch the symbol and hear the sound). Just go to Google Play or App Store and look for the Macmillan Pronunciation App.*

Using the BBC Pronunciation Tips site

If you go to BBC Pronunciation Tips: Introduction you can:

  • learn how to get started on improving your pronunciation
  • work on sounds that are very similar (but can completely change meaning as in shior sheep
  • learn facts that will help you to improve your spelling
  • find out how words change their sounds in connected speech
  • test your knowledge with interactive quizzes.

If you go to BBC Pronunciation Tips: The Sounds of English you can:

  • Diagnose which sounds might be a problem for you
  • Learn more about using the IPA to improve your English
  • Learn exactly how to use your lips, teeth, tongue, breath, and voice to produce the English sounds you find difficult. (There is a video for each sound. Just click on the one you want to learn about.)
  • Open the interactive BBC Sounds of English chart by clicking ‘Listen to the Sounds of English’  – then just click on the sound you want to hear.

There is even more to learn by going to other BBC Pronunciation Tips pages, for example:

Note

* The sounds for /l/ and /r/ (Macmillan Pronunciation App) are not correct. When you click these symbols you hear la and ra. However, the correct sounds are lll and rrr.

Induction checklist in different languages

માતાનો ___________________ ઇન્ડક્શન ચેકલિસ્ટ અને કરાર

જવાબદારીઓ
હું સમજું છું કે શું નિયમિતતા અને હાજરીની દ્રષ્ટિએ અપેક્ષિત છે.
હું સમજું છું અને વર્ગ નિયમો (જે NCFE નીતિઓ પર આધારિત છે) સ્વીકારે છે.
મને કોઈ કારણ મને મારી પરીક્ષા માટે ગેરહાજર હોય જાણતા નથી.

વહીવટ
હું સંપૂર્ણપણે પ્રવેશ છું. (મારા નામ રજિસ્ટર પર છે અને હું દસ્તાવેજીકરણ હોય છે).
હું ઇન્ડક્શન પ્રશ્નાવલી પૂર્ણ કરી લીધી છે અને આ મોડેલ જવાબો ચકાસાયેલ.
હું NCFE વિદ્યાર્થી કાર્ડ કર્યા ફાયદા જાણો છો.
હું સમજું છું શું કહે છે: સ્તર, કુશળતા, શબ્દો, શૈક્ષણિક વર્ષ.
હું સંચાલન અને સ્વાગત સ્ટાફ નામો છો.

શીખવી
મને ખબર છે કે શું દરેક પાઠ લાવવા માટે.
હું યોગ્ય શબ્દકોશ અને એક વાચક છે.
સાથીઓ: હું ઓછામાં ઓછા ત્રણ સહપાઠીઓને જે શિક્ષક સંદેશાઓ પસાર અને મારા માટે handouts એકત્રિત જો હું ગેરહાજર છું તૈયાર છે ટેલિફોન નંબરો છે.
હું ઓનલાઇન કોર્સ માહિતી અને શિક્ષણ સામગ્રી ઍક્સેસ કરી શકો છો.
હું મારા બધા સહપાઠીઓને અને અભ્યાસક્રમ પ્રતિનિધિ નામો છો.
હું એકાંતે નિયમિત અભ્યાસ સમય (હોમવર્ક માટે, reading, ઓનલાઇન સંસાધનો, વગેરે ની મદદથી) સેટ અને રોજિંદા જીવનમાં ઇંગલિશ ઉપયોગ માંગો.

ઓરિએન્ટેશન અને સલામતી
મને ખબર નહીં કે શું અને કટોકટી જાય છે.
હું શૌચાલય, બાકીના વિસ્તાર, સંચાલક ઓફિસ, પીવાનું પાણી, પ્રથમ સહાય, અને મેનેજર ઓફિસ કરી શકાય છે.

સહી …………………………….. તારીખ …………………………

_____________ Lista kontrolna Wywoływanie i umowa

obowiązki
I zrozumieć, co się spodziewać w zakresie punktualności i frekwencja.
Rozumiem i akceptuję regulamin klasy (które są oparte na NCFE polityki).
Nie wiem, z jakiegokolwiek powodu, dlaczego miałbym być nieobecny na egzaminie.

administracja
Jestem w pełni zarejestrowany. (Moje nazwisko jest w rejestrze i mam dokumentację).
Mam wypełniła kwestionariusz indukcyjnej i sprawdzone odpowiedzi modelu.
I wiemy, że korzyści z posiadania legitymacji studenckiej NCFE.
Rozumiem, co należy rozumieć przez: poziomy, umiejętności, warunków, akademickich lat.
Znam nazwiska kierownictwo i personel recepcji.

nauka
Wiem, co zabrać ze sobą do każdej lekcji.
Mam odpowiedni słownik i czytnik.
Przyjaciele: Mam numery telefonów, z co najmniej trzech kolegów, którzy są gotowi do przekazania wiadomości do nauczyciela i zbierać materiały informacyjne dla mnie jeśli jestem nieobecny.
Można uzyskać dostęp do informacji online przedmiotów i materiałów edukacyjnych.
Znam nazwy wszystkich moich kolegów i przedstawiciel kursu.
Zamierzam uchylenie regularnego czasu nauki (na odrabianiu lekcji, czytania, korzystania z zasobów online, itp.) i używać języka angielskiego w życiu codziennym.

Orientacji i bezpieczeństwa
Wiem, co robić i gdzie się udać w razie wypadku.
Mogę zlokalizować toalety, miejsca odpoczynku, Office Admin, woda pitna, pierwsza pomoc, i kierownik biura.

Podpis …………………………….. Data …………………………

Is your folder organised?

If you can find handouts from previous sessions throughout the year very quickly, then your folder is probably organised. Well done.

If you struggle to find handouts from previous sessions, and it takes you a long time, you should re-organise your folder. This is very important when an observer comes to assess your teacher – he or she will expect to be able to look through your folder and make sense of it. Your teacher will be penalised if your papers and notes are in a mess. A hole punch or clear plastic pockets will help you. Be careful if you decide to put more than one sheet into a plastic pocket. It might be difficult to find what you want in future.

Here is one way to organise your folder. This way divides your materials into five sections. Use dividers.

  • Headway Student’s Book handouts (the big sheets) together and in order.
  • Headway Workbook handouts (the A4 sheets from Headway) together and in order
  • Spelling tests together and in chronological order.
  • All other handouts together and in chronological order.
  • Your own lesson notes together and in order.

Be a successful learner!

Some things you should know:

  • The centre address and phone number
  • Your teacher’s email address

What you must bring to every lesson:

  • a pen, a pencil, and a rubber
  • a dictionary
  • your handouts and notes from the previous lessons
  • reading material (anything in English that you enjoy or need to read)

You must keep your handouts and notes organised so you can find them quickly. Therefore you need:

  • a folder (sometimes called a ring binder)
  • clear plastic pockets or a hole-punch to keep handouts organised in your folder
  • lined paper for notes/exercises (I recommend ‘loose-leaf’ paper because you can put your notes next to relevant handouts in your folder).

Attendance

  • If you can’t attend the next lesson, you must tell your teacher in advance. (Email him, phone reception, or contact your buddy.)
  • Try not to be late. Let you teacher know if you’re going to be late.

Course rules

These rules summarise college policy. They help maintain high standards of:

Participation and inclusion  ●  Respect and courtesy  ●  Attendance and punctuality  ●  Achievement and success  ●  Co-operative learning  ●  Health and safety

Breaking these rules could result in disciplinary action.

1. Be on time and remain for the whole lesson. You must aim for 100% attendance. You are not permitted to take a holiday during the term. (Leave may be granted for an emergency.) You must be prepared to attend all your exam sessions.

 

2. If you’re going to miss a lesson, get a message to your teacher beforehand.

 

3. If you have missed a lesson, contact a classmate quickly and catch up on what you missed.

 

4. Bring appropriate stationery to each lesson and ensure all handouts are organised in a folder.

 

5. Practise using English outside lessons and complete all homework tasks. You should not be taking this course if you don’t intend to do this.

 

6. Help to maintain a co-operative learning environment. For example: participate in group activities; give and receive assistance from classmates.

 

7. Follow tutor instructions and act on feedback (or negotiate something better).

 

8. Take turns during discussions and conversations.

 

9. Phones must be ‘off’ or ‘silent’.  Avoid answering the phone in class. Notify your teacher before the lesson if you are expecting an important call. If your phone use is disruptive you may need to choose between switching your phone off or leaving the lesson.

 

10. Speak to your classmates in English as much as possible.

 

11. Demonstrate respect and tolerance for each other. You may not refuse to work with a classmate because of race, appearance, religion, or background.

 

 12. No one has the right to disrupt learning or teaching, or to create a negative atmosphere in the classroom.

 

13. Help to make this a clean, safe, effective, and pleasant learning environment.

 

14. Speak with your tutor about any concerns you may have. Some matters should be mentioned discretely.

 

Check your understanding. Match each word or phrase with a rule (or rules) that it is closely related to.

buddy_____     chewing gum_____   silent_____   PLP/ILP_____   bin_____   pencil shavings_____   German_____   equality_____         meet up_____   folder_____   time_____   listening_____        chairs under tables_____   communicate_____   /-L-A-E-O_____   phone numbers_____    don’t sit by yourself_____   authorised_____   homework_____   memorise FGLZ address_____    walk – don’t run_____      pocket book (or mobile phone memo)_____   bags/walkways_____     register_____   one at a time_____