Here are typical features required by City & Guilds for successful achievement. These features are grouped into six aspects. Successful achievement in each aspect will gain you 1 or 2 marks (1 for satisfactory or 2 for secure). You need at least 6 out of 12 marks to pass. If you score 0 marks in one aspect, secure acheivement (2 marks ) in another aspect would compensate for this and you could still pass if you accrue 6 points in total. Although a successful score will be anything between 6 and 12, there is no grading other than pass/fail.
2 MARKS. A plan is produced which includes relevant information about the topic. A rough copy of the piece of writing is produced. Work is proof-read and revised as necessary, for accuracy and meaning.
1 MARK. Work is planned in a way that relates to the topic in general. Some checking occurs.
2 MARKS. Writing matches the task set, in subject, format/layout and content. Level of detail is suitable for the pupose of the text.
1 MARK. Writing addresses the subject, format, and content at a generic level. Level of detail is acceptable for the pupose of the text.
Organisation (discourse level)
2 MARKS. Content is ordered and structured appropriately for the type of text and the message to be conveyed. Organisation is clearly signposted using discourse markers to indicate narrative sequence, structure of argument, logical relations (such as cause consequence) and links between ideas. Content is organised into paragraphs and these have coherent internal structure.
1 MARK. Content is mostly ordered and structured appropriately for the type of text and the message to be conveyed. Organisation is generally signposted using discourse markers to indicate narrative sequence, structure of argument, logical relations (such as cause consequence) and links between ideas. Text is organised into paragraphs.
2 MARKS. There are very few errors with grammatical features associated with Level 1. Such errors that are present are mostly lapses that are easily corrected.
1 MARK. There are some errors, including ones that indicated difficulty with structures expected at Level 1, however these do not impede communication.
Range (sentence level)
2 MARKS. Uses a variety of sentence types: simple, compound and complex to suit the message and the intended audience. Uses a range of subordinating constructions including clauses expressing contrast, reason, purpose, and consequence. Shows some ability to use conditional sentences and reported speech. Uses a range of vocabulary suitable for purpose and audience and so as to express some finer shades of meaning. Shows awareness of word collocation appropriate to the subject, genre and audience.
1 MARK. Uses a variety of sentence types: simple, compound and complex in a way that generally suits the message. Uses a range of subordinating constructions including clauses expressing contrast, reason, and purpose. Uses a range of vocabulary suitable for purpose and audience. Shows an awareness of common collocations.
Layout, punctuation, and spelling
2 MARKS. Uses appropriate layout devices and conventions (e.g. line breaks, indents) suitable for the type of text, the message conveyed and the intended audience. Generally uses punctuation effectively and correctly. Uses commas effectively to punctuate lists, to highlight the structure of complex sentences and to indicate natural pauses. Uses apostrophes correctly for possession and omission. Spells correctly all familiar words and words which conform to conventional spelling rules.
1 MARK. Layout is generally tidy and punctuation is generally correct; neither impede understanding of text or meaning. Spelling of familiar words and words conforming to conventional spelling rules is mostly correct.